Discrimination in the workplace is not uncommon in the United States. Unfortunately, it is all too common and frequently makes headlines. However, the United States federal government has established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to handle instance of discrimination in the workplace. Want to learn more about the EEOC? Let’s discuss.
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What is the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission?
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is a federal agency established in order to administer and enforce federal civil rights laws that target instances of discrimination in the workplace. The EEOC handles discrimination complaints based on the following characteristics:
- Race and national origin
- One’s Children
- National Origin
- Sexual Orientation
- Gender Identity
- Gender Information
The EEOC also handles complaints based on any retaliation against and individual for reporting or opposing a discriminatory practice.
Filing a complaint with the EEOC provides federal remedies and deterrence of further discriminatory behavior. It is monumentally important to utilize the EEOC to deter further occurrences of systematic discrimination by employers.
What is the Role of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission?
Once a complaint is filed with the EEOC, the federal agency has the authority to investigate the complaint of discrimination against the named employers. The EEOC will then conduct the investigation in a fair and accurate manner to assess the allegations made in the charge. After a fair investigation, the EEOC will make a determination as to the original complaint.
In the instance that discrimination has truly occurred, the EEOC will then put forth efforts to settle the complaint. If the efforts made by the EEOC to settle the complaint prove to be unsuccessful, the EEOC reserves the right to file a lawsuit. It is important to note, that although the EEOC may file a lawsuit to preserve the rights and interests of the general public, the EEOC may choose not to pursue legal action in all instances in which the agency finds discrimination has occurred.
The EEOC attempts to prevent discrimination through a public outreach through specific programs created by the agency.